For the fascinating history of opae-ula ecosystems, see “Evolution of Opae-Ula Ecosystems” on the Fukubonsai website.
Excerpt from the article:
At the time these photos were taken , the culture was 15 years old! This trial habitat was created from a wide-mouth gallon glass bottle with a clear over-turned dish. It includes beach rock, sand and water from the original collection site. A baby food jar holds a piece of coral and some black sand. The habitat was created in 1988 and has never ever been fed. No water was ever changed and the bottle has never been cleaned. There is light growth of green algae on the inside of the glass surface. The bottle is on the conference room table against the wall. Curtains are always drawn and no direct sunlight enters the room. Another bottle at Dr. Nishijima’s home is also doing well. A third that he gave to Yuri Higa, who has since retired from Cooperative Extension, also has surviving shrimp.
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